This is directed at Americans. I’m not that familiar with EU politics outside of what is going on with the brexit debate.
Nationalism is often thrown around by political commentators when they hear a politician advocate a strong anti immigration stance. I’m not disputing that is one aspect of nationalism . I just want to type out the various types of nationalism for people that like to use nationalist as a pejorative term. Commentators will often make it out to be anyone that is patriotic and maybe only slightly anti immigration is an evil nazi. It’s strange that putting your own nation first is a problematic concept to believe in . These definitions are from wikipedia but they are pretty good.
Civic nationalism : Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights. Ernest Renan and John Stuart Mill are often thought to be early civic nationalists. Civic nationalists often defend the value of national identity by saying that individuals need a national identity in order to lead meaningful, autonomous lives and that democratic polities need national identity in order to function properly.
Cultural nationalism : Cultural nationalism is a form of nationalism in which the nation is defined by a shared culture. It is an intermediate position between ethnic nationalism on one hand and liberal nationalism on the other. Cultural nationalism will thus focus on a national identity shaped by cultural traditions and by language, but not on the concepts of common ancestry or race.
Ethnic nationalism : Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the “nation” is defined in terms of ethnicity.